Saturday, June 20, 2009

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Pijat Jantung = Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

Perubahan gaya hidup dan pola pemakanan mejadi faktor utama peningkatan penyakit terkait jantung dan paru-paru dikalangan masyarakat, kematian akibat serangan mendadak dari jantung dan paru meningkat setiap tahun, dalam kehidupan sehari-hari , kemalangan lalu lintas sering terjadi didepan mata, dari semua penyakit tersebut jika melibatkan penurunan kesadaran atau pingsan amat penting melakukan tindakan upaya penyelamatan yang cepat untuk memastikan penderita dapat bernafas dengan baik dan peredaran darah lancar.

Ternyata dikalangan masyarakat, pengetahuan penyelamatan pertama ini jelas tidak sampai ke semua golongan. Sedangkan Ilmu ini adalah amat penting jika menghadapi situasi yang darurat, untuk mendapatkan bantuan disaat darurat akan membazir waktu, sedangkan jalan nafas manusia sebaiknya diusahakan bebas dan dapat bernafas dalam waktu 3 menit.
" Time is Musle" bermaksud semakin lama waktu yang anda ambil semakin banyak otot yang rusak.Dengan itu ada baiknya Ilmu ini dapat disampaikan dan diajarkan kepada setiap individu. Disini saya menampilkan 3 cara mudah pertolongan pertama dengan harapan dapat mudah dingat dan di ajarkan. keterangan ditampilkan dalam bahasa inggeris supaya lebih jelas dan tidak mengelirukan pembaca lain.

What Is CPR?

The letters in CPR stand for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a combination of rescue breathing (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation) and chest compressions. If a child isn't breathing or circulating blood adequately, CPR can restore circulation of oxygen-rich blood to the brain. Without oxygen, permanent brain damage or death can occur in less than 8 minutes.

CPR may be necessary for children during many different emergencies, including accidents, near-drowning, suffocation, poisoning, smoke inhalation, electrocution injuries, and suspected sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Reading about CPR and learning when it's needed will give you a basic understanding of the concept and procedure, but it's strongly recommended that you learn the details of how to perform CPR by taking a course. If CPR is needed, using the correct technique will give your child the best chance of recovery.

When Is CPR Needed?

CPR is most successful when administered as quickly as possible, but you must first determine if it's necessary. It should only be performed when a person isn't breathing or circulating blood adequately.

First, determine that it's safe to approach the person in trouble. For instance, if someone was injured in an accident on a busy highway, you'd have to be extremely careful about ongoing traffic as you try to help. Or if someone touched an exposed wire and was electrocuted, you'd have to be certain that he or she is no longer in contact with electricity before offering assistance, to prevent becoming electrocuted yourself. (For instance, turn off the source of electricity, such as a light switch or a circuit breaker.)

Once you know that you can safely approach someone who needs help, quickly evaluate whether the person is responsive. Look for things like eye opening, sounds from the mouth, or other signs of life like movement of the arms and legs. In infants and younger children, rubbing the chest (over the breastbone) can help determine if there is any level of responsiveness. In older children and adults, this can also be done by gently shaking the shoulders and asking if they're all right.

3 Simple Way

heck the victim for unresponsiveness. If there is no response, Call for help and return to the victim. In most locations the emergency dispatcher can assist you with CPR instructions.

the head back and listen for breathing. If not breathing normally, pinch nose and cover the mouth with yours and blow until you see the chest rise. Give 2 breaths. Each breath should take 1 second.

If the victim is still not breathing normally, coughing or moving, begin chest compressions. Push down on the chest 11/2 to 2 inches 30 times right between the nipples. Pump at the rate of 100/minute, faster than once per second

NOTE: This ratio is the same for one-person & two-person CPR. In two-person CPR the person pumping the chest stops while the other gives mouth-to-mouth breathing.

CPR complication

Vomiting is the most frequently encountered complication of CPR. If the victim starts to vomit, turn the head to the side and try to sweep out or wipe off the vomit. Continue with CPR.

The spread of infection from the victim to the rescuer is exceedingly rare. Most cardiac arrests occur in people's homes - relatives or friends will be the ones needing to do CPR. Even CPR performed on strangers has an exceedingly rare risk of infection. There is NO documentation of HIV or AIDS ever being transmitted via CPR.

Untuk melihat Contoh tindakan - Video Demo 1 - Video Demo 2

Mohon kritik dan saran buat memperbaiki cara penyampaian supaya lebih jelas dan mudah difahami.


  1. menyesal tak bace post ni b4 exm haritu!! kuwa kat soklan anastesi pasal cpr 2 org dgn 1 orang.. takleh jawab..pastu hentam je..pastu yg hentam tu salah..wuuuuuuuuu....

  2. hehe..berguna jugak ek.. oke..bace jgn x bace..


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